Reserve Health Readiness Program Cold War In order to understand the rationale for chemical and biological research from World War II untilit is necessary to examine the history of the use of chemical and biological agents in warfare and to understand the perceived threat to the Free World during the Cold War.
Visit Website Such ideas were not totally unfounded. As apprehension about Soviet influence grew as the Cold War heated up, U.
On March 21,President Harry S. Truman issued Executive Orderalso known as the Loyalty Order, which mandated that all federal employees be analyzed to determine whether they were sufficiently loyal to the government.
Yet it was only one of many questionable activities that occurred during the period of anticommunist hysteria known as the Red Scare. Probing Red Influence One of the pioneering efforts to investigate communist activities took place in the U. Under pressure from the negative publicity aimed at their studios, movie executives created blacklists that barred suspected radicals from employment; similar lists were also established in other industries.
Another congressional investigator, U. McCarthy of Wisconsinbecame the person most closely associated with the anticommunist crusade—and with its excesses.
McCarthy used hearsay and intimidation to establish himself as a powerful and feared figure in American politics.
He leveled charges of disloyalty at celebrities, intellectuals and anyone who disagreed with his political views, costing many of his victims their reputations and jobs.
The FBI and its longtime director, J. Edgar Hooveraided many of the legislative investigations of communist activities.
An ardent anticommunist, Hoover had been a key player in an earlier, though less pervasive, Red Scare in the years following World War I The information obtained by the FBI proved essential in high-profile legal cases, including the conviction of 12 prominent leaders of the American Communist Party on charges that they had advocated the overthrow of the government.
Hysteria and Growing Conservatism Public concerns about communism were heightened by international events. Inthe Soviet Union successfully tested a nuclear bomb and communist forces led by Mao Zedong took control of China.
The following year saw the start of the Korean Warwhich engaged U. The advances of communism around the world convinced many U. Figures such as McCarthy and Hoover fanned the flames of fear by wildly exaggerating that possibility. As the Red Scare intensified, its political climate turned increasingly conservative.
Elected officials from both major parties sought to portray themselves as staunch anticommunists, and few people dared to criticize the questionable tactics used to persecute suspected radicals.
Membership in leftist groups dropped as it became clear that such associations could lead to serious consequences, and dissenting voices from the left side of the political spectrum fell silent on a range of important issues.
In judicial affairs, for example, support for free speech and other civil liberties eroded significantly. This trend was symbolized by the U. Supreme Court ruling in Dennis v. United States, which said that the free-speech rights of accused Communists could be restricted because their actions presented a clear and present danger to the government.
Americans also felt the effects of the Red Scare on a personal level, and thousands of alleged communist sympathizers saw their lives disrupted. They were hounded by law enforcement, alienated from friends and family and fired from their jobs.
While a small number of the accused may have been aspiring revolutionaries, most others were the victims of false allegations or had done nothing more than exercise their democratic right to join a political party.The Causes of the Cold War The major world powers named the international confrontation that took place between and as the Cold War.
The Cold War was so named as there was no military conflict that caused an actual engagement. NATO’s Purpose After the Cold War Throughout history military alliances have formed to balance either countervailing power or the perceived threat thereof. Each member nation is committed to the defense of all other member nations.
No territory will be gained by communist force, or it will result in war. Cold War at Home & McCarthyism. STUDY. PLAY. Which situation resulted from Senator Joseph McCarthy's search for Communists within the United States during the 's?
2. The reputations of many people were ruined by false accusations of disloyalty The tension created by the cold war, along with the perceived technology gap, led the.
- The Cold War loomed, creating a red scare that dominated the United States culture. Communism had a large effect on the United States and many other countries. The Communism form of government expanded across much of Southeast Asia.
The Cold War was the period of protracted conflict and competition between the United States and the Soviet Union and their allies from the late s until the late s. The main U.S.
allies were Western Europe, Turkey, Japan and Canada.