Low to suggest the Apollo 11 crew be less flippant in naming their craft. During early mission planning, the names Snowcone and Haystack were used and put in the news release. It also referenced Columbiaa personification of the United States.
The first steps by humans on another planetary body were taken by Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin on July 20, The astronauts also returned to Earth the first samples from another planetary body.
Apollo 11 achieved its primary mission - to perform a manned lunar landing and return the mission safely to Earth - and paved the way for the Apollo lunar landing missions to follow.
After 2 hr and 33 min in Earth orbit, the S-IVB engine was reignited for acceleration of the spacecraft to the velocity required for Earth gravity escape.
Lunar-orbit insertion began at The spacecraft was placed in an elliptical orbit 61 by nautical milesinclined 1. Each orbit took two hours. Photographs taken from lunar orbit provided broad views for the study of regional lunar geology.
Eagle landed on the Moon hr, 45 min and 40 sec after launch. Immediately after landing on the Moon, Armstrong and Aldrin prepared the LM for liftoff as a contingency measure.
Following the meal, a scheduled sleep period was postponed at the astronauts' request, and the astronauts began preparations for descent to the lunar surface. Astronaut Armstrong emerged from the spacecraft first. While descending, he released the Modularized Equipment Stowage Assembly MESA on which the surface television camera was stowed, and the camera recorded humankind's first step on the Moon at A sample of lunar surface material was collected and stowed to assure that, if a contingency required an early end to the planned surface activities, samples of lunar surface material would be returned to Earth.
Astronaut Aldrin subsequently descended to the lunar surface. The astronauts carried out the planned sequence of activities that included deployment of a Solar Wind Composition SWC experiment, collection of a larger sample of lunar material, panoramic photographs of the region near the landing site and the lunar horizon, closeup photographs of in place lunar surface material, deployment of a Laser-Ranging Retroreflector LRRR and a Passive Seismic Experiment Package PSEPand collection of two core-tube samples of the lunar surface.
Approximately two and a quarter hours after descending to the surface, the astronauts began preparations to reenter the LM, after which the astronauts slept. The ascent from the lunar surface began at In transearth coast only one of four planned midcourse corrections was required.
The CM entered the atmosphere of the Earth with a velocity of 36, feet per second 11, meters per second and landed in the Pacific Ocean.Twenty nine launching sites used in the era are indicated.
With a directional arrow to its location, a detail of Pad 39As relative shape, roads and structures is superimposed with a rendering of the Apollo 11 rocket firing at liftoff.
Apollo 11 was a technological and scientific triumph, but it was also a defining moment in our shared understanding of who we (all) are as humans and Earthlings. . The Apollo spacecraft was composed of three parts designed to accomplish the American Apollo program's goal of landing astronauts on the Moon by the end of the s and returning them safely to Earth.
The expendable (single-use) spacecraft consisted of a combined Command/Service Module.
Nov 19, · Apollo 11 was the first manned mission to land on the Moon. The first steps by humans on another planetary body were taken by Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin on July 20, The astronauts also returned to Earth the first samples from another planetary body. Apollo 11 achieved its primary mission.
Apollo 11 Flight Log, July 16, Launch Day. By Elizabeth signaling the launch of the Apollo 11 mission to the moon on July 16, Japanese Space-Elevator Experiment Launching to.
Apollo 11 lifted off from launch pad 39A at Cape Canaveral, a headland along Florida’s Atlantic coast.
On June 9, , the Advanced Land Imager (ALI) on NASA’s Earth Observing-1 satellite captured this true-color image of launch pad 39A and neighboring pad 39B.