Zimbardo's goals[ edit ] The archived official website of the Stanford Prison Experiment describes the experiment goal as follows: We wanted to see what the psychological effects were of becoming a prisoner or prison guard. To do this, we decided to set up a simulated prison and then carefully note the effects of this institution on the behavior of all those within its walls.
We wanted to see what the psychological effects were of becoming a prisoner or prison guard.
To do this, we decided to set up a simulated Stanford prison and then carefully note the effects of this institution on the behavior of all those within Stanford prison walls. The team selected the 24 applicants whose test results predicted they would be the most psychologically stable and healthy.
The prison had two fabricated walls, one at the entrance, and one at the cell wall to block observation. They were given rest and relaxation areas, and other comforts. Twelve of the 24 participants were assigned the role of prisoner 9 plus 3 potential substituteswhile the other 12 were assigned the role of guard also 9 plus 3 potential substitutes.
Zimbardo took on the role of the superintendent, and an undergraduate research assistant the role of the warden. Zimbardo designed the experiment in order to induce disorientationdepersonalizationand deindividuation in the participants.
The researchers held an orientation session for guards the day before the experiment, during which guards were instructed not to harm the prisoners physically or withhold food or drink.
In the footage of the study, Zimbardo can be seen talking to the guards: In general what all this leads to is a sense of powerlessness.
Prisoners wore uncomfortable, ill-fitting smocks and stocking caps, as well as a chain around one ankle. Guards were instructed to call prisoners by their assigned numbers, sewn on their uniforms, instead of by name. The prisoners were "arrested" at their homes and "charged" with armed robbery.
The local Palo Alto police department assisted Zimbardo with the arrests and conducted full booking procedures on the prisoners, which included fingerprinting and taking mug shots.
The prisoners were transported to the mock prison from the police station, where they were strip searched and given their new identities. The small mock prison cells were set up to hold three prisoners each. There was a small corridor for the prison yard, a closet for solitary confinement, and a bigger room across from the prisoners for the guards and warden.
The prisoners were to stay in their cells and the yard all day and night until the end of the study. The guards worked in teams of three for eight-hour shifts. The guards were not required to stay on site after their shift.
The Stanford Prison Experiment is a frustrating watch. The guards negatively treat the detainees in ever increasing shocking and dehumanizing ways%. Conducting a study on the psychology of incarceration, a Stanford professor assigns guard and prisoner roles to 24 male test subjects in a mock jail. Watch trailers & learn more. The Stanford Prison Experiment is one of the most famous experiments in psychology's history. Learn more about the experiment and the results.
Guards had differing responses to their new roles. Dave Eshelmandescribed by Stanford Magazine as "the most abusive guard" felt his aggressive behavior was helping experimenters to get what they wanted.
John Mark, who had joined the experiment hoping to be selected as a prisoner, instead recalls "At that time of my life, I was getting high, all day every day I brought joints with me, and every day I wanted to give them to the prisoners.
I looked at their faces and saw how they were getting dispirited and I felt sorry for them.
Guards from other shifts volunteered to work extra hours, to assist in subduing the revolt, and subsequently attacked the prisoners with fire extinguishers without being supervised by the research staff.
Finding that handling nine cell mates with only three guards per shift was challenging, one of the guards suggested they use psychological tactics to control them. They set up a "privilege cell" in which prisoners who were not involved in the riot were treated with special rewards, such as higher quality meals.
The "privileged" inmates chose not to eat the meal in commiseration with their fellow prisoners. After only 36 hours, one prisoner began to act "crazy", as Zimbardo described:The Stanford Prison Experiment is a frustrating watch.
The guards negatively treat the detainees in ever increasing shocking and dehumanizing ways%. Jun 13, · The Stanford Prison Experiment Trailer 1 () Ezra Miller Thriller Movie HD [Official Trailer].
Conducting a study on the psychology of incarceration, a Stanford professor assigns guard and prisoner roles to 24 male test subjects in a mock jail. Watch trailers & learn more. The Stanford Prison Experiment, one of the most famous and compelling psychological studies of all time, told us a tantalizingly simple story about human nature.
The Stanford Prison Experiment is a frustrating watch. The guards negatively treat the detainees in ever increasing shocking and dehumanizing ways%. While the Stanford Prison Experiment was originally slated to last 14 days, it had to be stopped after just six due to what was happening to the student participants.
The guards became abusive, and the .