Contact Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development The following information is based on the work of Jean Piaget, a developmental biologist who devoted his life to closely observing and recording the intellectual abilities of infants, children and adolescents. Piaget concluded that human development involves a series of stages. Given below is an outline of the four stages of Piagetian development.
Amanda Richardson Running head: Effects on the Educational Process Amanda M. Richardson Excelsior College Running head: The preoperational stage, lasting from ages 2 until age 7 becomes very important in the education of children.
This covers the ages when children start informal education at home and daycare, as well as formal education in kindergarten, first and second grades. The educational principle of discovery learning centers on children learning for themselves while interacting in their environment.
There is no directed practice to this principle.
Children are not sat at desks in front of a board, memorizing educational facts fed to them visually and verbally. Materials are provided to the children to enhance their environment, and therefore their learning.
Make believe play is encouraged with dress up items, play toys such as kitchens and cribs with baby dolls as well as puppets may be provided. Art and music are other mediums that would be encouraged for learning.
Puzzles and table top games and manipulatives would also be important additions to enhance the learning environment Berk, Children have an innate need to learn, developmentally. This need to learn is stimulated by teachers building on their current thinking. When these views are challenged, the children will develop Running head: Great care must be taken not to add new skills before a child is ready, in order to prevent development from being hastily sped up Berk, As an assumption of the theory, children will go through development in the same sequence, just at differing rates.
In this sense, it is important for activities to be planned for individual children and small groups, instead of entire classrooms. In order to gauge the need of each child, educational evaluations need to be done on individual basis instead of in relation to set educational standards.
It should be based on mastery of previous develop Berk, Children exhibit egocentrism, and inability to conserve and lack of hierarchical classification.
These limitations must be considered in Piagetian classroom settings. Each of these limitations need to be addressed in order for children to successfully move from this stage to the next.
While these behaviors can pose challenges in educational settings, they can be overcome Berk, The only see things from their perspective and think that everyone else does as well. They also have an inability to conserve or think in reverse. There is difficulty reasoning about transformations and not being able to relate to and comprehend that things can be two things.
Lack of hierarchical classifications deals with the inability to group and subgroup items based on sameness and differences Berk, All of these limitations must be addressed in educational situations. Each limitation will pose some challenges in a Piagetian classroom setting, especially in the hands-off type learning Running head: The most successful learning environments are those that encompass many different developmental theories.
Child will benefit from the wide array of educational experiences offered to them in progressing from the preoperational stage Berk, The stage-by-stage nature of Piaget's theory, with each stage linked to an age group for whom the stage is typical, strongly suggests to many people that at a particular age, children are supposed to be functioning at a particular stage.
The Piaget stages of development is a blueprint that describes the stages of normal intellectual development, from infancy through adulthood.
This includes thought, judgment, and knowledge. The. Pre-operational stage. By observing sequences of play, Piaget was able to demonstrate that, towards the end of the second year, a qualitatively new kind of psychological functioning occurs, known as the Pre-operational Stage, the second of Piaget's four developmental stages.
"The influence of Piaget’s ideas in developmental psychology has been enormous. He changed how people viewed the child’s world and their methods of studying children.
He was an inspiration to many who came after and took up his ideas.". Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development Jean Piaget was a developmental psychologist best known for his theory of cognitive development.
Piaget's stages deal with the nature of knowledge (epistemology) and how humans come to gradually acquire it. These are the sources and citations used to research Piaget's Pre-Operational Stage.
This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on Wednesday, March 16,