Freedom of Information Act FOIA Introduction The Freedom of Information Act FOIA generally provides that any person has a right, enforceable in court, to obtain access to federal agency records, except to the extent that such records or portions of them are protected from public disclosure by one of nine exemptionsor by one of three special law enforcement record exclusions b 7. The principles of government openness and accountability underlying the FOIA are inherent in the democratic ideal:
He was no longer in office at the time, having been succeeded by William Howard Taft. The record-making occasion was a brief overflight of the crowd at a county fair but was nonetheless the beginning of presidential air travel. The lack of wireless telecommunication and available modes of transportation made long-distance travel impractical, as it took too much time and isolated the president from events in Washington, D.
Railroads were a safer and more reliable option if the president needed to travel to distant states. By the late s, with the arrival of aircraft such as the Douglas DC-3increasing numbers of the U.
All-metal aircraft, more reliable engines, and new radio aids to navigation had made commercial airline travel safer and more convenient. Life insurance companies even began to offer airline pilots insurance policies, albeit at extravagant rates, and many commercial travelers and government officials began using the airlines in preference to rail travel, especially for longer trips.
First presidential aircraft[ edit ] Franklin D. Roosevelt was the first president to fly in an aircraft while in office. The first aircraft obtained specifically for presidential travel was a Douglas Dolphin amphibian delivered in which was designated RD-2 by the US Navy and based at the Naval base at Anacostia D.
The Dolphin was modified with luxury upholstery for four passengers and a small separate sleeping compartment.
Roosevelt's Douglas C Skymaster aircraft, nicknamed the Sacred Cow Concerned about relying upon commercial airlines to transport the president, USAAF leaders ordered the conversion of a military aircraft to accommodate the special needs of the Commander-in-Chief.
Roosevelt on international trips.
However, after a review of the C's highly controversial safety record in service, the Secret Service flatly refused to approve the Guess Where II for presidential carriage. The Guess Where II was used to transport senior members of the Roosevelt administration on various trips.
In Marchit transported Eleanor Roosevelt on a goodwill tour of several Latin American countries. The C was scrapped in The VCC aircraft, nicknamed the Sacred Cow, included a sleeping area, radio telephone, and retractable elevator to lift Roosevelt in his wheelchair.
The legislation that created the U. This was the first presidential aircraft that had a distinctive exterior—a bald eagle head painted on its nose. The presidential call sign was established for security purposes during the administration of Dwight D.
The change stemmed from a incident where an Eastern Airlines commercial flight had the same call sign as the flight the president was on Air Force The airliner accidentally entered the same airspace, and after the incident, the unique presidential aircraft call sign "Air Force One" was introduced.
The first official flight using the call sign Air Force One was induring the Eisenhower administration. Two Aero Commanders were added to the fleet and earned the distinction of being the smallest aircraft ever to serve as Air Force One.
President Eisenhower also upgraded Air Force One's technology by adding an air-to-ground telephone and an air-to-ground teletype machine.
Boeing s and entry to jet age[ edit ] Main articles: Kennedypresidential air travel entered the jet age. Kennedy felt the aircraft appeared too regal, and, on advice from his wife, First Lady Jacqueline Kennedyhe contacted the French-born American industrial designer Raymond Loewy for help in designing a new livery and interiors for the VC jet.
He chose to expose the polished aluminum fuselage on the bottom side and used two blues — slate-blue associated with the early republic and the presidency and a more contemporary cyan to represent the present and future.
The presidential seal was added to both sides of the fuselage near the nose, a large American flag was painted on the tail, and the sides of the aircraft read "United States of America" in all capital letters.
Loewy's work won immediate praise from the president and the press. The VC markings were adapted for the larger VC when it entered service in For fastest times, the Air Force has decentralized its FOIA program.
If you want to submit a FOIA request online "CLICK HERE". Please note, this is a new link so, the previous link is no longer valid.
The act authorized the postmaster general to contract for domestic airmail service with commercial air carriers.
It also set airmail rates and the level of cash subsidies to be paid to companies that carried the mail. The intent of the following list is to provide a general collection of common acronyms and abbreviations. It is not intended to be an all encompassing list of Air Force acronyms or abbreviations.
Network caching problems are impacting the delivery of new published and updated products to the e-Publishing website. Users within the Air Force Network are not always viewing the most up to date data, while if a user is on their personal laptop or cell phone (non-Air .
The Air Mail Act of Re-introduced competitive biding as a means for commercial airlines to procure mail contracts.
The separation of the airlines from manufactures. Airmail Comes of Age The Contract Air Mail Act of (commonly known as the Kelly Act) allowed the Post Office to contract with private airlines to establish feeder routes into the national system.