Study Limitations We will focus here only on what is directly relevant to the arrest and trial of Jesus, beginning with marginally the intentions of the Jewish leaders and ending with the leading away to the Crucifixion. We will exclude, except where tangently related:
By the the main shrine in pagan Arabia, the Kaaba in Mecca, was erected. After receiving profound revelations supposedly from an angel, and stirred by the polytheistic paganism and disorder at the Kaaba, the prophet went forth, rejected by his people, on his Hijra migration from Mecca to Medina.
The Hijra of Mohammed in marks the beginning of the Islamic era. Two years later Mohammed's followers defeated the Meccans at the Battle of Badr and in Mecca was conquered by Mohammed and became the spiritual center of Islam.
The prophet died in and was succeeded by Abu Bakr as the first caliph. The official version of the Koran was established in during the reign of Uthman, 18 years after the prophet's death. By there was considerable civil war within Islam among the "descendants" of Mohammed - disputes of all kinds about who was the legitimate, appointed heir to the faith.
Shi'ite extremism in Iraq was part of this revolution and began in These root disputations persist to the present day - Islam is a divided religion in many ways. In the Arabs conquer Syria and Iraq, followed by Egypt, then Persia in - as A synagogue essay of the charge they believe was given to them by Allah through his prophet Mohammed.
Arab armies moved into the Holy Land and were in full control there by Historian Steve Runciman recounts the conquest of Jerusalem: On a February day in the year A.
He was dressed in worn, filthy robes, and the army that followed him was rough and unkempt; but its discipline was perfect. At his side was the Patriarch Sophronius, as chief magistrate of the surrendered city. Omar rode straight to the site of the Temple of Solomon, whence his friend Mahomet had ascended into heaven.
Watching him stand there, the Patriarch remembered the words of Christ and murmured through his tears: Because the holy site had been neglected, he made the Christian Patriarch Sophronius grovel in the muck. Afterward Omar set about clearing the site.
He built a wooden mosque on the compound. Most scholars believe the mosque was built on the foundations of an early Christian church.
One well-known historical account contains the following details: The great mosque of Jerusalem, Al Masjid al Aksa, the " Further Mosque," derives its name from the traditional Night Journey of Muhammad, to which allusion is made in the words of the Kuran xvii.
According to the received account, Muhammad was on this occasion mounted on the winged steed called Al Burak "the Lightning" and, with the angel Gabriel for escort, was carried from Makkah Meccafirst to Sinai, and then to Bethlehem, after which they came to Jerusalem.
And he tied up Al Burak to a ring, to which the prophets of old had also tied their steeds. Entering the Haram Area by the gateway, afterwards known as the Gate of the Prophet, Muhammad and Gabriel went up to the Sacred Rock, which of old times had stood in the centre of Solomon's Temple; and in its neighbourhood meeting the company of the prophets, Muhammad proceeded to perform his prayer-prostrations in the assembly of his predecessors in the prophetic office Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and others of God's ancient apostles.
From the Sacred Rock Muhammad, accompanied by Gabriel, next ascended, by a ladder of light, up into heaven; and, in anticipation, was vouchsafed the sight of the delights of Paradise.
Passing through the seven heavens, Muhammad ultimately stood in the presence of Allah, from whom he received injunctions as to the prayers his followers were to perform. Thence, after a while, he descended again to earth; and, alighting at the foot of the ladder of light, stood again on the Sacred Rock at Jerusalem.
The return journey homeward was made after the same fashion - on the back of the steed Al Burak and the Prophet reached Makkah again before the night had waned.
Such, in outline, is the tradition of the Prophet's Night Journey, which especially sanctifies the Rock and the Haram Area in the sight of all true believers.
After the capitulation of Jerusalem to 'Omar in A. H 14that Khalif caused a mosque to be built on what was considered to be the ancient site of the Temple or Masjid of David.
The traditional position of this site, 'Omar as it is stated verified, by the re-discovery of the Rock concealed under a dunghill from the description that had been given to him, 'Omar, by the Prophet, of the place where he had made his prayer prostrations in Jerusalem on the occasion of his Night-Journey.
The Dome of the Rock In A. The Caliph's new shrine was deliberately built as a political, economic, and religious counter attraction to Mecca. Medina and Mecca, the two cities holy to Islam, were under the control of a rival Caliph.
Abd El-Malik sought to build up the importance of Jerusalem as an Islamic center for pilgrimage and worship. The holy spot of Judaism was now to be identified with the spot where Mohammed's horse ascended to heaven. Another indication that Jerusalem was not considered of great importance to the Muslim armies is the fact that it was one of last cities taken by the Syrian Muslims after the death of Mohammed.Roles of the Synagogue Essay; Roles of the Synagogue Essay.
Words 6 Pages. Roles of the Synagogue The synagogue is a place for the Jewish people to worship God, or more particularly, where Jewish people can hear the Torah being read and pray to God.
As well as functioning as a House of Prayer, or 'Beit ha Tefilah', the synagogue is also. What Israel Means to Me. by Darcy Silvers. Israel is much more than a tiny piece of land in the Middle East. She is living proof that the Jewish people have survived, against all odds, and will continue to survive -- and thrive.
When Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year, begins on Wednesday night, it will mark the start of an annual period in which Jewish people around the world will take time to reflect on starting fresh.
Synagogue essays Origination: The synagogue originated in Biblical times when the temple in Jerusalem was the center of Jewish life.
The oldest dating of a synagogue ever existing is from the 3rd century B.C., but synagogues likely have an older history. Tom Hunter ‘The Way Home’, In this book I have set out many bodies of work that I have created over the last twenty-five years, whilst making my journey through the streets of Hackney, trying to make sense of this urban maze and find my way home.
The Supreme Court's ruling on gay marriage makes it clearer than ever that the government shouldn't be subsidizing religion and non-profits.